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28 Mar 2013

Word of Muth: Stopping Pass-Rush Moves Part II

by Ben Muth

Welcome back to Word of Muth. Last week we looked at a couple of different pass rush moves and how they beat offensive linemen. Because that went so well, we’re doing the exact same thing this week. Let’s start with Von Miller.

Last week, I said that I thought get-off was a little overrated for pass rushers, like straight-ahead speed for running backs. I think you need to be above a certain threshold, but that there isn’t much difference between the eighth-fastest running back and the 38th. That being said, there are a few guys that are so fast that it completely changes the dynamic of the game for them, and Miller’s get-off is the pass-rush equivalent of functional 4.2 speed.

That’s from the TV tape, and it illustrates how Miller is moving at a different speed than the rest of the game. In the first shot, you can see that Miller is already crossing the line of scrimmage before Philip Rivers even has the ball. He’s the only Denver defensive lineman to have done so that quickly.

In the second picture, Miller has stopped to give a head-fake inside against Jeromey Clary. He’s already four yards past the line of scrimmage. That’s obviously further than any Broncos defensive lineman, but since they’re just rushing defensive tackles, it’s not that impressive. But look at the Chargers wide receivers.

San Diego’s wideouts have to look at the ball for the cadence just like Miller, and none of them have moved more than two yards in the time that Miller has moved five. They are all right on the line of scrimmage while Miller is deep in the backfield. That’s what "exploding off the ball" looks like, now let’s see what it does to an offensive tackle.

This is the coaches film from the same play. I do not know why the first frame is so much brighter than the rest. In the first frame, we take up just where we left off from the TV copy, with Miller head-faking Clary inside.

When you play against a guy like Miller, you have to sell out to stop his speed rush. He consistently gets off the ball so well that if you aren’t kicking back as hard as possible, he’s going to simply run around you for a couple of sacks. So, that’s what Clary is doing, he’s kicking back at Warp 10 and does a nice job of cutting Miller off.

When Miller gives just the slightest head-fake, things go south for the tackle. Clary has to try to stop all of his backward momentum and close down on an inside move. He actually does this as well, but now there’s a problem: both men are essentially stopped in their tracks at the top of the rush, and whoever can get restarted quicker is going win.

When Miller starts going upfield again, Clary’s feet just can’t get going. The tackle has gone from full-speed backwards to a dead stop, and his feet just can’t handle another command from his brain right now. They lock up and stick in the ground. All Clary can do now is reach for Miller and hope he can grab hold of him until his feet can catch up to him.

As Clary reaches (slowly mind you), Miller simply clubs his hands down. It’s not a violent or sudden club, but it doesn’t matter. Because Clary hasn’t been able to move his feet, he has zero balance. When he misses Miller, he falls flat on his face. All he can do now is watch as Miller sack Rivers and forces a fumble in the process.

Technically, the move that won for Miller was clubbing Clary’s hands down. But really it was his get-off that made the whole thing work. I guess sometimes speed really does kill. (/Puts on sunglasses. YEAHHHHHH!)

Moving on, we stay with another member of the 2011 draft class, J.J. Watt. (Side note: that 2011 defensive class looks pretty strong with Watt, Miller, Aldon Smith, Patrick Peterson, and Richard Sherman, no?) Watt is the first guy featured that I would consider an interior rusher. He plays defensive end, but never gets wider than a slight outside shade on an offensive tackle. In fact, that’s where he’s lined up in the play I want to look at.

Watt beats Jeff Linkenbach with a jab/swim move here. Before we get into the specifics of this particular jab/swim, I want to briefly acknowledge the master, John Randle. I had a coach that had a Randle highlight tape, and it was just sack after sack of Randle killing guys with this move. I wanted to find a clip of Randle doing it for the column, but alas the internet isn't so great at finding past video yet. Still, Watt’s is pretty damn good here.

Linkenbach takes a very small step with his outside foot first. That’s what you usually do against a guy lined up just outside of you, but with the linebacker creeping down like he was going to blitz, it may have been smarter for Linkenbach to set inside.

Because Linkenbach a) set outside, and b) isn’t very good, he has a hard time adjusting to Watt’s hard inside step. Notice that his knee is outside of his foot in the second frame. Because his knee is so wide, his foot is going to have to swing back outside of it, like a pendulum. This is called "rolling over your foot," and means you are about to take a very long and very slow step inside.

Look at how wide Linkenbach’s base is in the third frame. It’s not good. With a base that wide, you just can’t move effectively. Since he can’t move his feet, he has to lean out and reach for Watt just like Clary tried to reach for Miller.

Because Linkenbach is leaning forward as he’s reaching (and because of Watt's long arms), Watt is able to grab the back of the tackle's shoulder pad. That’s the death blow. If a defensive lineman ever gets the back of your pads you’re done. It’s why offensive linemen work so hard to keep an uncomfortable arch in the back and neck as the pass set, and why arm length is so important at the combine. You have to keep distance between the defender and your shoulders.

Once Watt gets the back of the shoulder, he just swims and pulls himself through, and there’s nothing Linkenbach can do. It looks like the Colts may luck out here in the sense that Vick Ballard is coming to pick up the blitzing linebacker and runs into Watt on the way. On top of that, since Watt seems to be freelancing, the Texans have two rushers in the same hole, so Linkenbach falls into the linebacker after he’s beat by Watt.

But the Colts don’t luck out because, to paraphrase the man himself, J.J. Watt has eaten burritos bigger than Ballard. Watt swims the running back too, and sacks Andrew Luck for a big loss.

The first two sacks showed how defenders can take advantage of their own natural quickness and the lack of agility shared by a lot of offensive linemen. A lot of sacks are the result of a defensive linemen tying up an offensive linemen’s feet. But the best way to get a sack doesn’t require physically beating some 320-pound guy. Let’s go to the tape to see Jason Pierre-Paul show us how it’s done.

The key is to have someone blocking you that doesn’t know what the hell he’s doing. (No surprise, this is usually a "skill" guy.) Here, Pierre-Paul is matched up with Niles Paul, a backup tight end. The Redskins are running a heavy run-action play-fake, and Paul is the only guy blocking to the backside.

For some reason, young "skill" guys have a hard time grasping the concept that they should prepare for the worst-case scenario. In this case, that’s Pierre-Paul not biting on the run fake at all and flying upfield towards Robert Griffin. Paul takes an angle that suggests he assumed JPP would bite hard on the play-fake and be very shallow when Paul got there. Really, assumptions like this are responsible for about half* of all sacks.

The worst-case scenario happened. Pierre-Paul rushed straight upfield, Paul tried to throw a laughable cut at Pierre-Paul in desperation, and the result was a sack and a terrible dance. I feel like doing a dance after going essentially unblocked should be a fineable offense. That's like basketball players screaming and pounding their chests after making a free throw. If the dance is based off an internet meme, the fine should automatically double.

Since I’m not the commissioner, I can’t hurt JPP’s wallet. But I can hurt his pride! That’s why I’m taking particular glee in this week’s X of Great Shame.

*-This is a rough estimate based on trying to discredit defensive linemen.

Posted by: Ben Muth on 28 Mar 2013

27 comments, Last at 11 Apr 2013, 4:25am by eric nielsen

Comments

1
by Dean :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 1:13pm

So in the first example, what could Cleary possibly have done better to prevent Miller from getting by (aside from holding)?

2
by Ben Muth :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 1:24pm

Best solution it to be a better athlete. When you're watching the tape it's like you can see when his feet just stop working. It why every 6'6" guy with good feet gets drafted in the first 3 rounds whether they can play or not.

The other, more plausible thing for Clary, is to be more aggressive. When Miller fakes inside move at him to eliminate the space between the two of you. Clary tries to slide inside to cut him off, if he fires into him he should be strong enough to wash him down. But that's easy to say re-watching the play 4 months later, with the benefit of knowing where everyone else on the defense is rushing.

4
by theslothook :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 2:20pm

I think Linkenbach should have at least been a nominee for the great X of shame. it's one thing to be out athleticed, but then to be bad on top of that is kind of sad in that respect

24
by turbohappy :: Tue, 04/02/2013 - 11:58am

In his defense, he's a backup guard who can somewhat serviceably backup at tackle if injuries mount as they did last year. He's not paid like he should be starting at tackle.

3
by Karl Cuba :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 1:31pm

I was thinking the same thing, what can you do when you're just outmatched? I suppose you have to get some help from the scheme, chip with a back or a tight end, slide the protection that way or set up inside on a quick hitting play and make damn sure the qb knows he has to get rid of the ball. Maybe sprinkle in a mix of all three and some screen passes to get Miller on his heels.

5
by dryheat :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 2:22pm

Wait until Miller is on the sidelines, then run the hurry-up.

20
by BigWoody (not verified) :: Fri, 03/29/2013 - 4:28pm

Sorta like Bob Uecker's method for catching the knuckleball. Wait until it stops rolling then pick it up.

10
by IrishBarrister :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 5:49pm

Sliding protection is the typical solution, but I don't think that would have helped Clary here. His stance looks too wide (need tighter feet than normal against wide rushers to help with change of direction), his hands are too low (they need to be cocked; hence the sluggish punch), and his feet look like they've been dipped in molasses (though that may be just by comparison to Miller). Sliding protection just protects the OT against inside moves from a wide rusher. If the OT can't maintain outside leverage - and it looks like Clary can't with any consistency - a slide won't do a lick of good. That, and the Broncos are sending a ILB blitz to the strongside B-gap, occupying the guard in short order.

That being said, chipping him with a TE or a screen pass look like good schematic options to deal with Von.

Great stuff Ben!

6
by theslothook :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 2:54pm

I want to know who ben thinks the most effective pass rusher is in the nfl? is it miller through his sheer athleticism? Is it allen with his repertoire of moves?

9
by Occ :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 4:37pm

Or, for more fun, who is the person Mr. Muth would least like to face off against in the NFL?

11
by Ben Muth :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 6:28pm

If I'm starting a team and I'm allowed 1 DL/OLB I'm taking Miller. Good pass rush instincts with elite athleticism. Watt is second.

As far as guy I'd least like to face, probably Watt or Ware. Both strong and quick with great length. I had short arms and length always gave me trouble.

26
by eric nielsen (not verified) :: Thu, 04/11/2013 - 4:20am

With all due respect, the answer for "least like to face" is obviously you don't want to face Aldon while a healthy Justin Smith is holding you.

Watt's also so much trouble because even if you go to all the trouble of stoning him, the F(*&^ quarterback is just going to throw it into his arms and make you look bad.

7
by VVD (not verified) :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 4:14pm

How could you not like the invisible horse dance? Very evocative of the dance Helena Bergstroem's daughters do in Gossip - almost wonder if Psy saw that firm.

8
by Occ :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 4:35pm

Excellent as usual. Only thing that would push this column over the top would be animated gifs of the sack after the breakdown.

12
by MehlLageman56 (not verified) :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 8:12pm

You should have changed the Great X of Shame to the Great Gastineau of Shame for JPP on that play. Great article again. By the way, just to be a Jets homer, Wilkerson came in that 2011 draft too.

13
by Ben Muth :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 8:20pm

No homer about it. Wilkerson absolutely deserves to be mentioned with those other guys.

14
by theslothook :: Thu, 03/28/2013 - 8:53pm

I know it doesn't look to have the hall of fame qbs, but the 2011 draft may go down as the best draft ever. Just look at the players that are already near the top of their positions:

No particular order

Von Miller
Patrick Peterson
Aj Green
Julio Jones
Aldon Smith
JJ Watt
Muhammad Wilkerson
Richard Sherman

Then there's the list of potential stars:
Cam Newton
Colin Kaepernick
Marcel Dareus
Tyron Smith
Nick Fairley
Robert Quinn
Ryan Kerrigan
Nate Solder
Corey Liuget
James Carpenter
Kyle Rudolph
Justin Houston
Stevan Ridley(though he could be just another NE cog)
Chris Culliver

Just an incredible list of talent from one draft.

17
by dbostedo :: Fri, 03/29/2013 - 10:07am

That is a pretty impressive list, but I think your getting quite a bit of recency effect here. Every draft has a ton of talent, and a lot of players get projected to be stars that don't turn out that way. Many of these players have a lot of time ahead of them and could still wind up viewed as mediocre or even busts.

Also, even if you project them to continue at their current level or grow the way you expect, it might not be the best class. This ESPN article gives some analysis of the best overall classes (written in 2010). I don't know if I completely agree with the way they rank them, but taking a look at some of these might help you level set.

22
by Karl Cuba :: Fri, 03/29/2013 - 8:30pm

Shouldn't the average number of hall of famers per draft be five? They put five in each year.

23
by dbostedo :: Sat, 03/30/2013 - 4:08pm

Yeah, it will be. But some years will have more than others - two of the ones in the article have 6 and one has 2.

15
by laberge :: Fri, 03/29/2013 - 2:06am

Great article as always. Love seeing some John Randle love. Guy was a beast. One quibble , though. Doesn't the redhead pause dramatically, and the remove his sunglasses before delivering the groaning one liner?

16
by justanothersteve :: Fri, 03/29/2013 - 7:56am

Watt may have learned that swim move as a kid. Growing up in Wisconsin, he probably got to see the Vikings play the Packers twice a year. John Randle made a habit of embarrassing Packer interior linemen and making the Wrangler Jeans poster boy's life miserable in the 90's.

18
by ptfe :: Fri, 03/29/2013 - 11:05am

This is a good representative clip of Randle. It lacks the overhead view, unfortunately. (That's Ray Roberts he's embarrassing, if you're curious.)

21
by Karl Cuba :: Fri, 03/29/2013 - 8:27pm

Nightridraaaaaaah!

19
by Bobman :: Fri, 03/29/2013 - 12:49pm

And more homework for my DE/OLB son this summer. Keep 'em coming, Ben, these are incredible. Thanks so much.

27
by eric nielsen (not verified) :: Thu, 04/11/2013 - 4:25am

Just started showin my 4yo boy a strip sack today. Lord knows I can't continue to keep his mother in expensive cars and pay for his college too. You gotta secure the tackle with the left hand first son, then do the tomahawk.

25
by JonFrum :: Wed, 04/03/2013 - 6:27pm

It's not like offensive players don't dance in the end zone after they get easy TDs. For that fact, they kneel and point when they get easy first downs. Give JPP a break - not every sack has to be an epic accomplishment to be celebrated.