Football Outsiders
Innovative Statistics, Intelligent Analysis

The Andy Reid All-Stars

Andy Reid
Photo: USA Today Sports Images

This summer we picked back up on our "Coaching All-Stars" series, where we go through and name an all-star team of the best historical performances at every position under a specific coach. It's time to finish up our 2020 batch of coaches, and who else do we end with than the defending champion. Let's talk about the history of Andy Reid.

Andrew Walter Reid played for three years at Brigham Young University from 1978 to 1980, then served as a graduate assistant for a year before beginning a decade of wandering through the college football world coaching offensive line at four different schools. He finally arrived in the NFL with the Green Bay Packers in 1992. He's not listed with a position for the first three years there, so I assume he did something along the lines of quality control. He was assistant offensive line and tight ends coach for two years in 1995 and 1996, then held the title of assistant head coach along with being Brett Favre's quarterback coach in 1997 and 1998.

The Philadelphia Eagles brought Reid aboard as head coach in 1999 even though he had no coordinator experience. The Eagles went just 5-11 in his first season but by his second season they had improved to 11-5 and made the playoffs (and won a playoff game). From 2001 through 2004, the Eagles went to four consecutive NFC Championship Games. They lost the first three but finally advanced to the Super Bowl during the 2004 season, Reid's best season in Philadelphia. The Eagles that year finished sixth in DVOA despite sitting most of their starters for not one but two games at the end of the regular season. They dominated the NFC in a particularly strong year for conference imbalance; no other NFC team finished the season in the DVOA top ten. However, the Eagles lost Super Bowl XXXIX by a final 24-21 score. Until last year, that was Reid's only trip to a Super Bowl as head coach.

The rest of Reid's time in Philadephia was up and down. The Eagles won a couple of NFC East titles but with lower records such as 10-6 and 9-6-1. After a 4-12 record in 2012, the Eagles and Reid parted ways. Technically he wasn't fired, since his contract ended at the end of that season. Kansas City very quickly hired Reid as their new head coach and he coached them to a dramatic improvement in 2013. The Chiefs went from 2-14 and dead last in DVOA in 2012 to sixth in DVOA and an 11-5 playoff season in 2013. Their total DVOA improvement of 57.6% is the biggest year-to-year improvement in overall DVOA ever measured. The Chiefs fell back to 9-7 in 2014 and missed the playoffs, but in the last five seasons the Chiefs have won at least 10 games each year and made the postseason five straight times. Last year, of course, they finally reached the pinnacle by dispatching the San Francisco 49ers in Super Bowl LIV, 31-20.

Andy Reid has had a long career and a lot of great players have taken the field for him. To pick a team of the best players who ever played for Reid, I used advanced stats where I could, and I also considered Pro Bowls and All-Pro appearances and overall player reputation. Thanks to our resident Andy Reid expert, Mike Tanier, for sharing some insight with me on some of those Eagles teams from the mid-2000s.

"SKILL PLAYERS"

QB: Patrick Mahomes, 2018 Chiefs
RB: Brian Westbrook, 2007 Eagles
WR: Terrell Owens, 2004 Eagles
WR: Tyreek Hill, 2018 Chiefs
WR: Jeremy Maclin, 2010 Eagles
TE: Travis Kelce, 2016 Chiefs

With all due respect to Donovan McNabb, picking the quarterback season was the easiest choice for this entire team. Mahomes' 2018 season is one of only nine seasons since 1985 where a quarterback recorded at least 2,000 passing DYAR. He was near the top of the league in almost every standard stat except interceptions (12 was fairly average) and of course he had one of only three seasons in NFL history with 50 touchdowns.

The second-best season by a Reid quarterback, based on passing DYAR, was also Mahomes, this time in 2019. Third is McNabb for the 2004 Eagles, when McNabb ranked sixth in both DYAR and DVOA, easily his best season. The fourth best season by a Reid quarterback may surprise you: it was Alex Smith for the 2017 Chiefs. McNabb's 2008 season is fifth.

Brian Westbrook is also a fairly easy choice at running back; in 2007, he was one of only three running backs to lead the NFL in both rushing and receiving DYAR in the same season. (The other two: Marshall Faulk in 2000 and Thurman Thomas in 1991.) Obviously, what jumps out about Reid's running backs is how often he has employed a double threat, running and receiving. That started early on with Duce Staley, whose receiving usage peaked with 89 targets in 2001. Westbrook was a rookie the next year and helped anchor Reid's top Philadelphia offenses. Five times, a Reid running back has finished in the top ten for DYAR both rushing and receiving: Westbrook in both 2006 and 2007, LeSean McCoy in 2010, Jamaal Charles in 2013, and Kareem Hunt in 2017. Obviously, Clyde Edwards-Helaire fits the mold quite well.

Terrell Owens' 2004 season is an easy choice for our first wide receiver spot. Owens caught 77 passes for 1,200 yards and 14 touchdowns in only 14 games due to a broken leg and torn ankle ligament. He finished tenth in receiving DYAR but his season pro-rated to sixth if he had played 16 games. Extra bonus credit of course for coming back from his injury remarkably early and playing -- as a star, not just a decoy -- in the Super Bowl against New England. It's too bad he went kind of nutty and started doing push-ups in his driveway the season afterwards.

Even given the adjustments for era and the higher overall offensive numbers in the current NFL, the best wide receiver season under Reid (by DYAR) does not belong to Owens but to Tyreek Hill for his 2018 season. Hill caught 87 passes for 1,479 yards and 12 touchdowns, then added on 151 rushing yards and a rushing touchdown. Hill finished fifth among wide receivers in both receiving DYAR and DVOA that season. When you add in his rushing value, he was second behind only Tyler Lockett.

I considered going with a fullback for Reid's all-star team. After all, Reid started out as a West Coast Offense guy, still using the old pro set. We could have gone with Jon Ritchie in 2003 or Anthony Sherman in 2013. But in the end, when you think about Reid, you think about spreading it out and throwing it down the field, so it seems more appropriate to go with his best slot receiver: Jeremy Maclin. Maclin had his best year in 2010, ranking 11th in DYAR and eighth in DVOA with 70 catches for 964 yards and 10 touchdowns.

For tight end, it's simply a question of which Travis Kelce season you want. The top five seasons by Reid tight ends are all Kelce. In DYAR order, they go: 2016, 2019, 2017, 2018, and 2014. Brent Celek's 2009 season ranks sixth. Kelce's 2016 season had only four touchdowns but it's the only season where he ever led the league in DYAR because of a career-high 13.2 yards per reception plus a pretty hefty opponent adjustment. (He goes from 21.0% VOA to 26.0% DVOA.)

OFFENSIVE LINE

LT: Jason Peters, 2009 Eagles
LG: Todd Herremans, 2007 Eagles
C: Rodney Hudson, 2013 Chiefs
RG: Shawn Andrews, 2006 Eagles
RT: Mitchell Schwartz, 2018 Chiefs

In over 20 years of coaching, only seven Andy Reid offensive linemen have ever been chosen for the Pro Bowl at least one time. Famously, Mitchell Schwartz is not among them: Schwartz was elected All-Pro in 2018 but somehow didn't make the Pro Bowl roster that same season. The Reid linemen who have made the Pro Bowl include four left tackles (Branden Albert, Eric Fisher, Jason Peters, and Tra Thomas), one right tackle (Jon Runyan), and two right guards (Shawn Andrews and Jermane Mayberry). No left guard or center on a Reid team has ever made a Pro Bowl, although there are players who became Pro Bowl regulars after leaving Reid (Rodney Hudson) and those who became Pro Bowl regulars after Reid left the Eagles (Jason Kelce).

Only one of the Reid left tackles has ever been chosen as All-Pro, Peters in 2011. However, Football Outsiders stats suggest a different year for Peters to make our team: 2009, when the Eagles ranked eighth in adjusted line yards including third in runs listed as "left tackle." I chose Peters over Tra Thomas even though the Eagles in 2007 had even better ALY numbers running to the left side. However, we will take our left guard from that 2007 season: Todd Herremans, who started at left guard for Reid's Eagles teams from the end of 2005 until 2010 and then started at right tackle in 2011 and 2012.

At center, Hudson wasn't chosen for the Pro Bowl yet by 2013 but had certainly reached that quality. That's one of the first years for which we have blown block data, and Hudson had only eight all season. We'll choose Hudson over Eagles centers Hank Fraley and Jamaal Jackson. For the right side of the offensive line, I'm going to depend on the All-Pro voters and what they saw in a given year. That means choosing Andrews at the right guard position and Schwartz at right tackle.

DEFENSIVE FRONT

DE: Hugh Douglas, 2000 Eagles
DT (DE): Chris Jones, 2018 Chiefs
DT: Corey Simon, 2003 Eagles
DE (OLB): Justin Houston, 2014 Chiefs
LB: Derrick Johnson, 2015 Chiefs
LB: Jeremiah Trotter, 2005 Eagles

Although Reid had a 3-4 defense during his first few years in Kansas City, most of his defenses have had a four-man defensive line and that's what we're going to use here. That does mean moving a couple of Chiefs players over to new positions so they better fit into our 4-3 scheme, starting with Justin Houston and his awesome 22-sack season in 2014. Houston is tied for second all-time for sacks in a single season, right behind Michael Strahan's 22.5 in 2001. Houston was also third in the league with 33 hurries that season, trailing only J.J. Watt and Von Miller.

At the other defensive end position, we have to choose between Trent Cole's best season, peaking at 12.5 sacks; Hugh Douglas' best season, when he had 15 sacks and made All-Pro in 2000; and Jason Babin's 18-sack season in 2011, his only full year in Philadelphia. Cole had a great career but his best years don't match up to the best years from Douglas or Babin's one big Philadelphia season. We don't have hurry or hit data for Douglas, but we do have run tackle data, and Douglas was much stronger against the run than Babin. Douglas in 2000 had 33 run tackles, including 11 defeats. Babin in 2011 had just 17 run tackles with only three defeats. Let's go with my former TV running mate on Numbers Never Lie, Mr. Hugh Douglas.

One spot on the interior defensive line is easy. It's not a stretch to say that Chris Jones is the best interior defensive lineman that has ever played for Andy Reid. Technically he played defensive end in his first three seasons since the Chiefs were in a 3-4 alignment, but we'll move him to defensive tackle in our 4-3 just like he moved to defensive tackle when the Chiefs went to 4-3 this past season. We're choosing his 2018 season over his 2019 season because it had more sacks (15.5 to 9.0) and more total defeats (27 to 16) although the same number of hurries (35 each year).

The other defensive tackle is a harder choice. We've got a couple of years of Dontari Poe making the Pro Bowl for Kansas City, 2013 and 2014. For the Eagles, we've got Corey Simon making the Pro Bowl for the 2003 team. Mike Tanier suggested the other defensive tackle who played alongside Simon, Darwin Walker. And there's also Hollis Thomas, who is beloved by Eagles fans but never had more than four sacks when playing for Reid. In the end, I'm going with Simon's Pro Bowl year, because he had 7.5 sacks but also had a better record against the run than Walker or Poe in their best years. Simon made his average run tackle after a gain of just 1.8 yards in 2003.

Only two Andy Reid off-ball linebackers have ever made the Pro Bowl and those are the two we're going with. We start wth Jeremiah Trotter, but which year do we go with? In 2000, he made not just the Pro Bowl but also All-Pro, so I started with that. But his best season may have been 2005, after he returned from a two-year sojourn in Washington. That was the year he made the most plays listed in the play-by-play, slightly ahead of his other seasons. He had a career-high 32 defeats, compared to just 24 defeats in 2000. And the Eagles as a team ranked in the top eight of defenses covering both tight ends and running backs that year.

Our other linebacker spot goes to Derrick Johnson. We want to pick between two Pro Bowl years, 2013 or 2015, and narrowly I'm going with 2015. He was involved in a slightly higher percentage of Kansas City's defensive plays (15.1% to 14.2%) and had slightly better charting coverage stats, finishing 12th among linebackers with a 67% success rate and 13th with 4.5 yards allowed per pass.

If we need a third linebacker for a front seven, my choice is probably Dhani Jones in 2004.

SECONDARY

CB: Troy Vincent, 1999 Eagles
CB: Lito Sheppard, 2004 Eagles
NB: Tyrann Mathieu, 2019 Chiefs
SS: Eric Berry, 2013 Chiefs
FS: Brian Dawkins, 2006 Eagles

There are a lot of great Troy Vincent years we could choose, and Vincent made the Pro Bowl five straight seasons between 1999 and 2003. We're going to go with 1999 because the Eagles as a team had the most outstanding advanced stats. The Eagles' pass defense was third in the league that year, and ranked second in DVOA against both No. 1 and No. 2 receivers. Vincent also led the league with seven interceptions that season.

At the other spot, based on Mr. Tanier's recommendation, I'm going with Lito Sheppard's 2004 All-Pro season over Marcus Peters and his 2016 All-Pro season. Peters had six interceptions, but Sheppard had five himself, and returned two of those for touchdowns. Unfortunately I don't have any way to break down coverage stats for him. Defense vs. types of receivers doesn't really work since Sheppard played on the left side instead of following No. 1 receivers. We didn't start charting until 2005, and the league did not start notating the direction of passes until 2005.

If we need a true cornerback to play the nickel position, we're happy to have Mr. Peters on the team. But let's go a different direction for a slot defender and choose Tyrann Mathieu. Many observers considered him a Defensive Player of the Year candidate in 2019. This is one position on the team where we're going with a player's reputation over advanced stats. Not that advanced stats for Mathieu in 2019 were bad, they just weren't spectacular. He ranked 13th among safeties in yards allowed per pass, and 27th in success rate in coverage. He was of course a big reason the Chiefs ranked No. 1 in safety/cornerback coverage ratio (see the Strategic Tendencies tables in Football Outsiders Almanac 2020). Kansas City ranked 12th in DVOA against wide receivers in the slot and fourth in DVOA againt tight ends.

Mathieu is one of a number of very good strong safeties who have played for Reid. Michael Lewis was a second-round pick in 2002 and made the 2004 Pro Bowl. Quintin Mikell made the Pro Bowl in 2009. But the best strong safety Reid has ever had was Eric Berry right in the peak of his career, when Berry was chosen as a first-team All-Pro in three out of four years. We'll go with Berry's season from 2013, Reid's first year in Kansas City. Berry was tied for second among safeties with 23 defeats. He had 3.5 sacks, two forced fumbles, and three picks, two of which he returned for touchdowns. Berry also ranked 11th among safeties in yards allowed per pass, and 13th in success rate in coverage.

For free safety, the choice of player is obvious, and there are a lot of Brian Dawkins seasons we can choose from. Dawkins played the entire peak of his career for Reid, from 1999 through 2008, and was elected a first-team All-Pro four different times. Without charting stats for most of his career, it's hard to pick which Dawkins year should make our Reid all-star team. Even the standard stats are a little questionable: Eagles passes defensed numbers from the mid-00s are a little weird because their official scorer used to assign a pass defensed every time a pass went over some guy's head. We'll go with 2006, when Dawkins was second among safeties with 26 defeats and had a career-high 98 total tackles.

SPECIAL TEAMS

K: David Akers, 2004 Eagles
P: Dustin Colquitt, 2015 Chiefs
RET: Tyreek Hill, 2016 Chiefs

Reid's teams have almost always been strong on special teams, with distinguished coordinators including John Harbaugh, Bobby April, and Dave Toub. Kicker David Akers was a bit of an FO binky in our early days, one of those underrated players we tried to bring more attention to. He doesn't have the best placekicking season on a Reid team by our metrics; that belongs to rookie Harrison Butker for the 2017 Chiefs, worth an estimated 11.8 points above average. However, Akers was one of the league's top kickoff men in an era when the kickoff mattered more, so we'll go with him. Akers' numbers are almost identical in 2002 and 2004, as the Eagles were second in FG/XP value (10.1 points) and third in net kickoff value (12.1 points), but Akers had better gross kickoff value in 2004 so that's the year that is represented on our Reid all-star team.

For the punter position I considered both Sean Landeta (2000-2001) and Dirk Johnson (2004) from the Eagles, but three of the top four net punting seasons by Reid teams belong to Dustin Colquitt. Kansas City's punting in 2015 comes out as being worth 16.2 estimated points of field position above average, and 19 of Colquitt's 75 punts started the next drive at the 10 or closer. (That's 25%, compared to a league average of 14%.)

Picking a single return man is tough because Reid doesn't tend to use the same player for kickoff and punt returns. In fact, in the best Reid year for total returns, there were three return men. The 2013 Chiefs had Dexter McCluster with two touchdowns on punt returns (17.2 points above average) but split the kick return job between Knile Davis and Quintin Demps who each had a return touchdown (19.8 points above average, combined). Meanwhile, the best single season at either return job was Tyreek Hill in his rookie season of 2016. He was selected to the All-Pro team and had two touchdowns with 15.2 yards per punt return, plus he shared the kick return job and returned one of those for a touchdown too. By our metrics, Hill was worth 20.6 points above average on punts and another 6.1 points on kickoffs. So even though it means putting the same player on our team twice in two different years, we're giving the return position to Hill.

SUMMARY

What did I learn about the type of players who make an Andy Reid team? Reid has coached for so long and has coached so many players that it's hard to find roster-building strategies that are obvious throughout his entire career, or most of it. There is one very obvious one, however: Andy Reid loves running backs who have value in the passing game. It's been that way since the 1999 Eagles, when Duce Staley finished second on the team in receptions. Andy Reid teams also have always been very strong in the secondary. That starts with Philadelphia's Troy Vincent-Bobby Taylor-Brian Dawkins secondaries, continues through the young cornerbacks of 2004 (Lito Sheppard and Sheldon Brown) and then Reid signing players such as Nnamdi Asomugha and Asante Samuel in free agency. Reid inherited a strong secondary led by Eric Berry and Brandon Flowers when he came to the Chiefs. With his current secondary, the advanced charting stats are certainly better than the reputation for cornerbacks Bashaud Breeland and Charvarius Ward.

As for trends that weren't as strong and obivous: Reid's teams were generally stronger at the tackles than the interior offensive line. Although he's employed some great pass-rushers such as Justin Houston, he generally hasn't drafted them himself with the exception of Trent Cole, a fantastic find in the fifth round of the 2005 draft. And like the current Chiefs, a lot of Reid's defenses have been a bit weaker at linebacker than they were in the defensive line or the secondary.

Previous coaching All-Star Teams:

Comments

46 comments, Last at 11 Aug 2020, 12:48pm

1 I'm surprised there was no…

I'm surprised there was no mention of Michael Vick's 2010 season where he finished 2nd in MVP voting. Reid is a QB guru. Vick, McNabb, and Alex Smith all looked great under Reid but looked like bums without him.

2 Vick

Surprisingly, even if we sort by total DYAR instead of just passing DYAR, Vick's 2010 season only moves up to fifth on the list of Andy Reid seasons, narrowly passing McNabb's 2008. One of the reasons for this is something that also became an issue for Lamar Jackson this past year. Quarterback runs on average are so efficient that strong quarterback rushing stats don't look anywhere near as impressive as similar running back stats when it comes to DYAR and DVOA. 7.5 yards per carry is less impressive if the average quarterback run is getting 6.0 yards per carry.

9 An under-rated talent of…

An under-rated talent of both Reid and Belichick has been their ability to extract high draft picks for their backup QBs.

In Reid's case, he got a 2nd rounder from the Cards for Kevin Kolb and another from Miami for someone I can't even remember the name of ! 

And of course Washington gave him something for Alex Smith.

 

12 "another from Miami for…

"another from Miami for someone I can't even remember the name of !"

A.J. Feely. 

He was actually the Eagle's 3rd stringer in 2002.  He started 5 games while both McNabb and backup Koy Detmer were out with injuries.  Apparently going 4-1 as a starter with pedestrian standard and advanced stats were enough to convince the 2004 Dolphins that he was worth a 2nd round pick.  Without Reid, Feeley's performance went from pedestrian to abysmal, as he finished the 34th (out of 36) ranked passer by DVOA.

13 I didn't like the niners…

I didn't like the niners trading a second-rounder for Jimmy G for this reason, even though it worked out this time. How many times have we seen backups on successful teams get traded and end up useless. Nick foles to a lesser extent has been an example of this both in free agency and the latest trade.

14 Hey, you don't have to…

Hey, you don't have to convince me.  Not exactly a trade, but my team gave a contract to Scott Mitchell in the mid-90's based on a small sample of him filling in somewhat adequately for an injured Dan Marino.  Mitchell at least had that one great season in '95, but he otherwise ranged from mediocre to just bad.

15 The Eagles originally picked…

The Eagles originally picked him up in a trade.

Foles is 22-11, 4-2 in the playoffs (both losses to New Orleans) for Reid-legacy franchises, with one Pro Bowl, one SB win, and a 7 TD game.
He's 4-11 (0-0) for everyone else.

16 Reid drafted Foles in the…

Reid drafted Foles in the 3rd round of 2012 (Reid's last season with the Eagles).  Do you mean he traded up for that pick? 

Incidentally, I had somehow totally forgotten that Foles reunited with Reid on the 2016 Chiefs.  He even relieved a concussed Smith and finished out a victory against the Colts, and then started and won a game against the Jags the week after.

4 2004 season

I get that statistically 2004 was McNabb’s best season, but a healthy Westbrook and the addition of one of the two best receivers in football is a huge reason why. We rely too heavily sometimes on the numbers in the NFL. Supporting casts should come into play when comparing a QB’s best years, or figuring out who the MVP is in any given year. 

5 McNabb spent a lot of…

In reply to by Goeagles581

McNabb spent a lot of seasons throwing to a handful of beans, too. Something Carson Wentz can empathize with.

6 "Supporting casts should…

In reply to by Goeagles581

"Supporting casts should come into play when comparing a QB’s best years, or figuring out who the MVP is in any given year."

Completely agree.  On the subject of the Eagles, Carson Wentz's 2019 is average, according to DVOA, but I thought it was pretty impressive considering he basically had no receivers for most of the year.  Instead of giving him credit for keeping the offense afloat, he gets criticized by most pundits (his ranking in Mike Sando's QB tiers article is a prime example, IMO).

18 Wentz also had one of the…

Wentz also had one of the absolute best offensive lines according to PFF and had good tight ends as well. I know his wideouts were bad last year but I don’t know that his offensive situation was necessarily worse than average all around. 

19 The end of the year was…

The end of the year was atrocious. The Eagles were down a starting lineman, three RBs, two receivers, an Agholor, and Zach Ertz. By the 2nd quarter of the playoff game, they had zero non-crippled QBs, meaning they were down their best starter at every position group, and had lost their entire position tree at three positions (QB, RB, and WR). Their receiving corpse was Dallas Goedert, rookie Miles Sanders and a bunch of street free agents. Jason Peters might have been their 3rd best healthy receiver, and even he was playing hurt.
https://www.pro-football-reference.com/teams/phi/2019_injuries.htm

Basically, of the six non-line starters for the playoff game, maybe three make this year's roster.

Were it not for the pleasant surprise of Sanders and Greg Ward, they had zero on offense.

 

20 I understand by the time the…

I understand by the time the playoffs rolled around they were depleted. But they still finished with the number 1 offensive line by PFF and had good TE’s. I’m looking at over the whole season not just the last game or two. And he rated out solid by PFF as well as having had a decent DVOA, so it’s not like these sites make him out to be terrible. I just think he as overrated as they come based on an extreme situation he had in 2017, where he had arguably the best offensive line, solid wideouts, good tight ends a running game and Reich, Pederson And DeFillipo coaching him. 

10 McNabb somehow became a…

In reply to by Goeagles581

McNabb somehow became a punching bag reputation wise, probably through a combination of an unceremonious ending and becoming the poster child for post career griping.

But his receiving core for the majority of his career was bad. Just awful. Conventional stats and advanced stats don't love his career, but he was much better than that. Outside of Westbrook, he was the entire offense. He reminds me of present day Deshaun Watson stylistically and that comparison might become even more apt now sans Hopkins.

11 I remember KC Joyner writing…

I remember KC Joyner writing that Sheldon Brown in 04 had the better year than Lito Shephard. 

If there was an Andy Reid non all Stars team, Winston Justice would surely be on it. 

23 Suggestions to Aaron and co.

Upcoming, you should do ones for Lombardi, Halas, Mike Ditka and Mike Holmgren, among others.

I realize there’s not DVOA data available for the first two, and some of Ditka’s years, but, as another suggestion, you could work around that by using pro football ref data, and other research sites.

25 Suggestions

We've mostly tried to keep from head coaches who had all their best years with one franchise. We ran into that problem with Mike Shanahan... that essentially we were picking a 90s/00s Broncos all-star team instead of mixing up different franchises like we did with Andy Reid. This is why we haven't done Bill Belichick, for example. Ditka's team would be all or almost all Bears. Lombardi would just be the 60s Packers. I have no idea how we haven't gotten to Mike Holmgren yet, though. We'll definitely do Holmgren next year along with another coach we didn't get time for this year, John Fox.

26 Tony Dungy?Do any Bucs…

In reply to by Aaron Schatz

Tony Dungy?

Do any Bucs start on offense? Do any Colts start on defense?

You could get multi-era guys like Shula or Landry or Gibbs.

31 Gruden would be fun, too. I…

Gruden would be fun, too.

I took a peak at those Bucs.

There is not a clear starter at any position. Colts dominate at every skill position. Every Manning year is better than the best Bucs year. Dunn had a couple of decent years, but they weren't as good as Edge or possibly even Addai. Clark was better than any Tampa TE. Pollard, too. Harrison and Wayne were vastly better than any Buc. It basically comes down to Keyshawn in 2001 versus Stokely in 2004. Martin was a starter, but Stokely had much better advanced stats.

If you need a FB, it's going to be Alstott. So it really comes down to whether you want two TEs (Colts) or a blocking back (Bucs). You could split the difference, call Alstott an H-back, and use him as the #2 TE if you needed a Buc.

The best line position for the Bucs was center. The problem is Jeff Saturday was better than either Tony Mayberry or Jeff Christy. The Colts had the better LT. Every other position was basically JAG on JAG, where the Colts system worked better. You might squeak the last good Randall McDaniel season, in 1999, into RG and have a Bucs starter.

Manning-James

Alstott

Harrison-Wayne-Clark-Stokely

Glenn-McDaniel-Saturday-JAG-JAG

On defense, it's similarly unbalanced. Dwight Freeney makes it. Brock can squint at the other DE, but I think Rice or Ahanotu or Marcus Jones beat him. Bucs get both DTs -- Sapp plus either Booger or Culpepper. Nickerson and Brooks get two of the LB spots. Barber and Lynch get two DB spots. I think Abraham gets the 2nd DB. Cato June's 2005 might grab the last LB spot. Antoine Bethea probably gets FS. The problem is Bullet Bob. He did play FS, but his best years were at SS. But due to his injuries, he never really pips Lynch. Lynch has two seasons better than Sanders' best, plus a third just as good. You can solve this by swapping Sanders for June, which I would probably do, and play a big nickle with two SSs.

Freeney-Sapp-McFarland-Ahanotu

Brooks-Nickerson

Barber-Lynch-Bethea-Sanders-Abraham

29 I'm really interested for…

In reply to by Aaron Schatz

I'm really interested for John fox, Jack del Rio, and Gary kubiak.
To some extent belicheck could be interesting in a way Shanahan wasn't because he had a lot more player churn.

30 Belichick might require a…

Belichick might require a separate thread for the Irrational Vinatieri-Gostkowski Debate.

Actually, it could be fun to do one for him that is just special teamers. 11 guys each on punt coverage, punt return, kick coverage, kick return. Maybe skip the FG units except for the kicker, holder, and long snapper.

Ooh, can we get Toub too?

33 You need to era-adjust that,…

You need to era-adjust that, though. Middle of Gostkowski's career was ~2013, similar for Vinatieri was 2002 (for New England: this puts them at similar ages, too).

Avg. field goal percentage in 2002 was 77.5%. Average in 2013 was 86.5%. That's a pretty huge difference. Vinatieri led the league in FG/XP DVOA in 2002, at +15.6, significantly above the next-nearest. Gostkowski led the league in FG/XP DVOA as well a few years, but only by minor margins (or zero margin in one case). 

So I'm not really sure. In some sense by the time Gostkowski came around, being a good kicker wasn't *that* valuable anymore because everyone was a good kicker. For instance, ~35 yard field goals were ~80% in 2002, and over 90% in 2013. Vinatieri was noticeably above average in his career at NE for that distance, whereas Gostkowski was only a small bit, just because there's not much more room left above 90%.

36 I have to admit, I have not…

I have to admit, I have not looked at the trends of kicking field goals. Has field goal kicking improved adjusted for distance? If so, was this a steady trend or a sudden emergence; because I have a hard time understanding why it would be the latter. 

37 Oh. My word. You've stumbled…

Oh. My word. You've stumbled on one of my pet "WTF?" fascinations, then.

Yes. Field goal kicking (adjusted for distance) has been improving steadily for decades. It might be topping out now (I mean... it freaking has to) but over the past *80* years it's been consistently improving. The 11-year timescale shift between Vinatieri and Gostkowski is pretty massive. 40+ yard field goals have improved nearly 10% on that timescale.

FiveThirtyEight has an article "Kickers Are Forever" on this. It's insane. If you adjust for distance/hashmarks/stadiums the improvement has been linear over time with an R^2 of 0.97. Which is batshit crazy.

The quote in that article sums it up perfectly: "It’s like the Hacker Gods got lazy and just set a constant Kicker Improvement parameter throughout the universe."

38 You didn't really see…

You didn't really see dedicated kickers until the 1960s, and they didn't stop being either kickers moonlighting at QB or QBs moonlighting at kicker until either Tom Tupa or Randall Cunningham retired, depending on your preferred flavor.

39 Exactly! That's what makes…

Exactly! That's what makes it so weird! You would've expected kicking to have jumps and leaps in accuracy due to specialization, or technique, or *something*. Not straight line improvement. But it doesn't. Kickers improved just as much from 1930 to 1960 as they did from 1960 to 1990.

I mean, if you stare at it and squint, you can see ripples and jumps but they're incredibly minor. And it's not something you can blame on the modeling (that is, the single-parameter function that you fit the kicking accuracy curve to). You can just look at the raw accuracy of 40-49 yard field goals, for instance, and those improved in a dead-straight line from 1960 to 2010+.

Nothing else in football looks like this as far as I know. For all the people whinging about the NFL favoring offenses for the past 20+ years, if you get rid of kicking improvement, only the past 10 years (since the rules changes in the early 2010s) could you really claim that offenses have *actually* improved, and the "best offenses" (adjusted for kicking) in NFL history still technically belong to the teams in the 1950s-1960s.

And, all that being said: it looks like that linear improvement has *finally* ended. By the linear trend, kickers should be up around 70-75% for 50+ field goals, and it looks like they've actually declined slightly since the mid 2010s.

That's why this is so fascinating for me: we're literally seeing something that hasn't happened in almost 100 years of professional football, and as far as I can tell, *no one knows why*. I mean, maybe there's a secret cabal of kickers that knows what's going on, but they ain't telling anyone.

40 The money got a lot better…

The money got a lot better.

Players are bigger than they used to be, but I think that mostly follows a secular trend; people in general are bigger than they were in 1920.

However, they also appear to be a ton faster. I think that is sort of wage-driven. Football can afford to employ more unconscionably big humans who are also freakishly athletic. Whereas before they could afford one or the other. Kickers may be working similarly. The earliest dedicated kickers were refugees from soccer or rugby. As the position has become more lucrative, you see guys specializing in football kicking earlier. They aren't all Andys Reid (or Lous Groza) -- linemen who can kick.

41 In which case, the constant…

In which case, the constant kicker improvement may be just a function of the fact that this is the only part of the sport that's uncontested ability. As in, RBs get faster, but so do LBs/DBs, so the net change is nothing. But kickers are just "kickers vs the ball and goalposts."

Which means that, in some sense, kickers can be viewed as measuring the overall athletic improvement of the league, over time. And if that improvement has ended (which it looks like it has), that implies that modern athletes might have reached the fundamental limit of human athletic ability.

42 There have been statistical…

There have been statistical analyses of world record score/times in various events. They seem to be decaying exponentials as functions of population. We are still getting faster, but we're beating prior records at a slowing pace. 

It's not as bad as horses, though, which are no faster today than in the 1980s, or greyhounds, who are no faster than they were in the 1950s. Granted, inbreeding is absolutely in play there.

43 "By the linear trend,…

"By the linear trend, kickers should be up around 70-75% for 50+ field goals, and it looks like they've actually declined slightly since the mid 2010s."

How much of this is just kickers attempting longer kicks? Does it still hold up when you break it down into 5-yard increments?

I remember seeing someone claim that Sebastian Janikowski was nothing special on long FGs since despite his large number of attempts his accuracy from 50+ was below average, but it turned out that he was above average at every distance in that range but had taken disproportionately many extra-long FGs of 55+ or even 60+ yards.

46 If you read the 538 article,…

If you read the 538 article, the model they fit isn't binned, it uses the yardline distance given by the NFL, and also corrects for the change in hashmark spacings.

I mean, it's even obvious in extra-point percentage, just harder to visualize because you're obviously capped at 100% and kickers became near-perfect at those a long time ago (until they got moved back, obviously).

24 Butker didn't kick off?

Akers was great, but I think Butker was robbed. I think Cairo Santos started the season as kicker, was hurt, then I am fairly sure Butker kicked off for the Chiefs from that point forward. I know it wasn't Colquitt.

34 Just add the FG/XP and…

Just add the FG/XP and kickoff values: even if you give Butker the entirety of the season, it's still significantly below Akers's total value.

It's also important to remember that kickers are noticeably less important now anyway, both in marginal and absolute terms. Akers level kickers were rare in 2004, whereas they're common in 2017, and kickoff value is significantly limited nowadays: in 2004, Akers hit touchbacks at a ~50% higher rate than league average, which obviously isn't really possible nowadays (and less valuable anyway).

So 'robbed' is a little unfair. It's more like he's just limited by the era in which he played.

35 Oops

You're right, Butker did kick off. Don't know what I was looking at that made me think that Colquitt did the kickoffs for that team. Sorry about that. I've edited above.

27 "Without charting stats for…

"Without charting stats for most of his career, it's hard to pick which Dawkins year should make our Reid all-star team. Even the standard stats are a little questionable: Eagles passes defensed numbers from the mid-00s are a little weird because their official scorer used to assign a pass defensed every time a pass went over some guy's head. We'll go with 2006, when Dawkins was second among safeties with 26 defeats and had a career-high 98 total tackles."

It's funny because to me 2006 was more *impressive* given the fact that Dawkins was 4 years older and *33* at the time, but his 2002 season was clearly better. Part of the problem with Dawkins and statistics is that he was all over the place - others had better passes defensed, or interceptions, or sacks, or forced fumbles, but no one had *all* of them. Typically if you line your free safety close enough to the line to get a sack, it's a freaking dead giveaway, but Dawkins had enough instincts and range to 1) bail often enough that it wasn't a dead giveaway and 2) just... not be blockable those times.

Dawkins in 2002 essentially ended the divisional game against the Falcons by destroying Vick on a touchdown run that got called back for holding. Vick didn't run for another yard that game. 

45 Follow up question for Aaron

Why don’t you do ones on Halas and Shula? They coached so many games/years, it doesn’t matter that they spent so much time coaching just one franchise.

It would be a good project for both, imo.