Ikem Ekwonu, Jordan Davis, and the NFL Combine Dawgs

North Carolina State Wolfpack OT Ikem Ekwonu
North Carolina State Wolfpack OT Ikem Ekwonu
Photo: USA Today Sports Images

NFL Draft - "We've got some dawgs at NC State. That's just our mentality: aggressive dawgs."
—North Carolina State tackle Ikem Ekwonu

"You gotta be a dawg. It ain't sweet in the trenches. You gotta be a dawg."
—Oklahoma running back Kennedy Brooks.

The 2022 NFL scouting combine was about top-10 prospects like Ekwonu and late-round hopefuls like Brooks. It was about big winners like Georgia defensive tackle Jordan Davis (he'll be a high first-round pick after Saturday's metahuman workouts unless Dave Gettleman kidnaps him and chains him to a bed in a mountain cabin, Misery-style) and players likely to leap up draft boards like Notre Dame wide receiver Kevin Austin. It was about blistering wide receiver 40-yard dash results, Kenny Pickett hand-size controversies, long days of podium interviews, and long nights trawling steakhouses and wine bars in search of tipsy coaches and agents.

But mostly, it was about dogs.

There were Georgia Bulldogs like Davis and scads of others, plus some Mississippi State Bulldogs and Washington and UConn Huskies. There were security dogs everywhere, whom no one was supposed to pet, but (shhh) some of their handlers let a few media types romp with the pooches when they noticed we were too hungover to cope with life. And of course there were dawgs, not to be confused with dogs: every prospect wants to be a dawg on the field, every NFL team is looking for some dawgs, every beloved teammate is a dawg. Those of us in the media who have been grounded for much of the last two years were even thrilled to once again be elbow-to-elbow with our road dawgs, at least until we have been on our feet all day and our dogs start barking. Some of the prospect dawgs even talked about their four-legged dogs.

Walkthrough will do some traditional "combine winners" stuff in a bit, and we'll be making some updates to the FO 40 as well. But let's start by showing you a different, fuzzier side of some of the more interesting prospects in the 2022 draft class.

As always, Football Outsiders' 2022 NFL draft coverage is presented by Underdog Fantasy!

Underdog Fantasy

Going Whole Hog with Treylon Burks

Prospect: Treylon Burks, WR, Arkansas

Combine Results: Burks' 4.55s 40-yard dash was disappointing but not cataclysmic for a 6-foot-4, 225-pound receiver. His jump results (33-inch vertical, 122 broad) and 3-cone result (7.28 seconds) were fine. Burks likely lost ground on Ohio State's Garrett Wilson and Chris Olave in the race to the top of the WR1 conversation, but he's still a likely first-round pick.

Interview Notes: Burks considers himself more of a boundary receiver than a Deebo Samuel type. His size, workout, results and some elements of his scouting report (for example, he does a fine job out-positioning and out-jumping SEC defenders on deep sideline shots) suggest that he may indeed be better suited to work primarily outside than in the slot. Combine mumblings suggest that he interviewed well with teams; he came across to the press as the sort of no-nonsense fellow that teams want in the wide receiver room.

Dawg Factor: Burks has a tattoo of his first American bully (that's what pitbull parents call our puppers when we don't want to scare anyone) on his forearm. He also told us during his interview that he hunts wild hogs, among other game, with the help of his dogs:

How do you get a hog with a knife?

BURKS: You have to go out there with dogs. The dogs go out and find them, and we go up behind them and tackle them.

Is that dangerous?

BURKS: It's all depending on how you attack it.

And where do you stab them?

BURKS: Right behind, you know, the front of them. (Points to his heart.)

Do you cook them?

BURKS: We process them. We don't cook the whole hog! (Laughs.)

Does hunting hogs translate to the NFL at all?

BURKS: Yeah. You have to game-plan before you even go out there. It takes time to game-plan, know exactly where they're gonna be. Then, just like how I wear gloves, you have to put vests and everything on the dogs, just to prepare them so they don't get hurt.

Bottom Line: Former Eagles quarterback Kevin Kolb also liked to hunt hogs with a knife for sport, but Walkthrough isn't going to hold Kolb against Burks. Still, my boom-or-bust concerns about Burks remain after the combine: maybe he's a versatile matchup nightmare, but maybe he's not quite fast, explosive, and refined enough to be more than a situational player when he faces tougher opposition in the NFL.

Ikem Ekwonu's All-Dog Alert

Prospect: Ikem "Ickey" Ekwonu, OT, North Carolina State

Workout Results: The 6-foot-4, 310-pound Ekwonu ran a 4.93s 40-yard dash, one of the fastest times among linemen. No one cares much about lineman sprints, and Ekwonu's other results were middle-of-the-pack.

Ekwonu's testing results were very similar to those of Mississippi State tackle Charles Cross, who, like Ekwonu, has a chance to be a top-10 pick. Alabama's Evan Neal, who is ahead of Ekwonu on most draft boards (but not the FO 40), did not run drills.

Interview Notes: The gregarious Ekwonu, the son of a doctor and brother of an animator for television shows like Rick & Morty, was as impressive as I expected him to be. He said that he models his game after 49ers tackle Trent Williams, from whom he "stole" his chop block and backside snatch block. He addressed his need for refinement as a pass-protector and the struggles he experienced while playing guard, where his "tackle's mentality" made it hard for him to work in limited space. Ekwonu thinks left tackle is his true position, and I agree.

Dawg Factor: Once the press pool got bored with boilerplate questions, things went delightfully off the rails.

You have a musical background?

EKWONU: I did a little bit of musical theater when I was a kid. I was never able to do that in high school or middle school because of sports and everything.

What were you in?

EKWONU: I was in The Jungle Book. I was in The Aristocats. 101 Dalmatians. I actually got the lead in 101 Dalmatians. I was Pongo the Dog. That was a big step for me. He was the father of the other Dalmatians. So throughout the whole musical, I'm looking for my dogs, looking for my babies.

How old were you?

EKWONU: I wanna say I did it third through fifth grade. And I was in chorus for three years in high school, and honors chorus my senior year.

Honors chorus? What does that entail? (Note: I most assuredly did NOT ask this question.)

EKWONU: The requirement is that you have to be in chorus at least two years. Then you have to apply for it. I had a great relationship with my musical theater teacher, Ms. Tilson—shout out to Ms. Tilson!—and 12 of us in the senior class wanted to be in honors chorus. So we got to make some executive decisions in the room: pick which pieces of music we wanted to sing.

Bass? Baritone? (Note: I most assuredly DID ask this question.)

EKWONU: I have pretty long range. I could sing bass or the tenor. I actually sang a lot of tenor in high school because there weren't a lot of guys who could sing those high notes.

Will you be ready to sing in training camp during rookie initiations?

EKWONU: I'll definitely take that seriously, try to go all out.

Will you sing for us?

EKWONU: No, I can't do that right now. I'm sure there's gonna be a video of me at rookie minicamp singing. So y'all can see that.

Do outside activities change your approach to football?

EKWONU: It provided me the opportunity to meet a lot of different people. It gave me a new perspective. I find at times that it made me a little friendlier, a little more empathetic to other people. That mindset allows me to gel a lot easier in the locker room.

Bottom Line: Ekwonu will remain the top offensive lineman on the FO 40 unless/until Neal bench-presses an Escalade at his pro day. But Neal, the bigger and more battle-tested lineman, may still end up being the first lineman off the board, and he may well be the No. 1 pick. Still, I agree with the Giants reporters I chatted with after Ekwonu's interview: he's probably not going to be there at No.5.

Dameon Pierce, Dog-Lovin' Dawg

Prospect: Dameon Pierce, RB, Florida

Workout Results: Pierce, one of the stars of the Senior Bowl game, is one of the few running backs who benched, putting up an impressive 21 reps. His 4.59s 40-yard dash was among the slowest times for a running back, but it wasn't disastrous for a 218-pound thumper likely to be drafted in the later rounds.

Interview Notes: Pierce was the funniest prospect at the combine, hands down, with a matter-of-fact sense of humor and delivery and timing that made me a little jealous. The jokes don't quite translate to print, unfortunately: it was all body language and facial expressions.

Pierce described his running style (accurately) as "angry, up-tempo: I don't run with good intentions." He said his favorite running back was "[Todd] Gurley, before y'all kicked my boy out of the league." As for his receiving ability? "I had 17 targets, 17 catches." And blocking? "A lot of times, I was in pass-protection. And the quarterback didn't get hit."

And what advice would he give his younger self? "Get some sleep, man. Slow down. Take a nap."

Dawg Factor: Pierce is the proud papa of three pedigreed pitbulls: Poncho, Oakley, and Gabonaparte (or Gabona.) According to the Senior Bowl telecast, the pooches feast on deer sausage, pig ears, and bacon (but not too crispy.)

As a longtime pitbull parent myself, I was determined to learn a little more:

How much do they eat?

PIERCE: Poncho probably eats the most. He's the biggest. Poncho's the one who goes and tries to eat out of everyone else's bowl. He's greedy. Oakley, she's in the middle. She'll tuck it, but she don't do too much. And Gabonaparte eats the least, but he'll eat the most treats out of all of them.

Does that make Poncho the alpha?

PIERCE: There ain't no alpha. They all get along well. Poncho thinks since he's the biggest one he can bully everybody, but Gabona's not going for that. So Gabona's got to get on him and let him know. Gabona's the littlest one, but he's got the most bite.

Where do they sleep?

PIERCE: Wherever they get their heads at.

In your bed?

PIERCE: Oh no. The only time they get in my bed is when I go out grocery shopping or something. Then I'll probably catch Poncho taking a nap on my bed.

Who is taking care of them during the combine?

PIERCE: Two of them are at my mom's house. Oakley, she's the baby, so she's at my apartment at Gainesville with my sister.

Are two pitbulls a lot for your mother to handle?

PIERCE: Man, my momma treats them like they're grandbabies. They're human at this point.

Bottom Line: Pierce was part of a crowded backfield with Malik Jones and Emory Davis in Gainesville, and he often gave way to Davis on passing downs. Pierce rushed for just 574 yards and 13 touchdowns as a senior, and neither his production nor his 40 time gets the pulse racing. But he has a demolition derby rushing style, low mileage, a willingness to block, and a temperament that some coaches are going to love. He's the sort of back who gets drafted in the late rounds but ends up being a productive thumper in a committee,

Jamaree Salyer Never Forgets a Sack

Prospect: Jamaree Salyer, OL, Georgia

Workout Results: Salyer finished second to Boston College's Zion Johnson with 31 bench press reps. He is saving all his other drills for Georgia's Pro Day (which will basically be Combine II: Championship Boogaloo).

Dawg Factor. Salyer played for the Georgia Bulldogs. (Look, I was his designated interview transcriber for the PFWA and wanted to amortize my efforts by including him here, since I made a separate video about Zion Johnson that you will see in a bit. That doesn't make me a bad journalist. Just a lazy one.)

Interview Notes: Like Johnson, Salyer primarily played left tackle in his final collegiate season but also played guard at times and has been working extensively at center. He has a tackle's athleticism, quickness, and footwork, but an interior lineman's body type: 6-foot-3, shortish arms by left tackle standards, some junk in the trunk.

Salyer bristles at the suggestion that he lacks athleticism for a left tackle. "The SEC is freaky," he said. "There's a lot of great talent. [Alabama underclassman] Will Anderson, of course, is a really great player. Kingsley Enagbare out of South Carolina is a really great player. [Michigan's] David Ojabo.

"I think it's interesting that I played all these great players, rarely gave up a sack. I held up my end of the bargain for my team. But it's always a question of my athleticism. It's never a question of theirs."

Salyer claims that he only allowed two sacks his entire career, and he remembers both clearly:

Both sacks to the same team: Alabama. First sack, Will Anderson jumped the snap on me in the fourth quarter. Great player, made a great football play. I had been doing pretty well against him most of the game. But he jumped the snap. Got his hands on Stetson [Bennett], I was trying to run him around the hoop, but he ended up getting his hands on Stetson, ended up bringing him down in the fourth quarter late in the SEC Championship Game.

The second sack I gave up was in the [National Championship Game]. Chris Harris, another great football player, hit me with a little hesitation move. It was one of my first snaps at guard. He ended up beating me inside and I gave up the sack. That could have changed the game. So I was very fortunate, very blessed that we had a chance to put the game back on them.

Bottom Line: The Bengals and Giants top the list of teams that need to saturation-draft their offensive line and may be looking for guys who can play both center and guard. Salyer is a Day 2 prospect, but the tape is strong. He's the kind of prospect who doesn't generate much buzz before the draft, then ends up starting in the NFL for 10 years.

Scouting Combine Winners and Losers

The Walkthrough team of me, producer-director Matt Noskow, and the crack Football Outsiders/Edj Sports multimedia dawgs made a bunch of videos this week, and this is a great place to feature them along with some fresh thoughts and impressions.

Combine Winners

Boston College offensive lineman Zion Johnson has been the biggest winner of the entire pre-draft process so far. Johnson became a Senior Bowl legend when he practiced his center snaps in a blustery downpour while some of us were huddled in our rental cars trying to get warm. He then finished in the top five among offensive linemen in many combine drills. I also loved him in interviews.

Virginia tight end Jelani Woods came to the combine as a bit of a novelty act: a Shrine Bowl standout with a background as a receiver/tight end hybrid but the body of a right tackle. But Woods weighed in at a trim 259 pounds at 6-foot-7, dropped a 4.61s 40-yard dash, and put up 24 bench press reps. He also made a very positive impression in media interviews. He said he models his game after Mercedes Lewis, and I can see and hear it.

North Dakota State wide receiver Christian Watson wasn't as impressive at the Senior Bowl as I hoped he would be, in part because of soggy conditions and unimpressive quarterback play. He needed a strong combine, and he got one: a 4.36s 40-yard dash at 6-foot-4 and 208 pounds. Those are "verification of film" numbers, which is what teams often need from midmajor or FCS prospect at the combine.

Rutgers wide receiver Bo Melton is another guy who earned a mixed grade at the Senior Bowl: he was open all the time and caught the ball about half the time. Melton finished fifth among wide receivers with a 4.34s 40-yard dash, tied for seventh in the vertical jump (38 inches), and third in the 3-cone (6.98 seconds.) Melton is still part of a crowd among nifty-shifty slotsters, but it's an impressive crowd.

Notre Dame wide receiver Kevin Austin sent me back to the tape with his 4.43s 40-yard dash, 4.15s 20-yard shuttle, and 6.71s 3-cone (that's really good) at 6-foot-2 and 200 pounds. Austin is a well-built boundary receiver who tracks deep sideline shots well. He also lost a huge chunk of his college career to foot injuries, and he doesn't look all that fast or quick on tape. Austin may have gone from "undrafted due to medicals and limited upside" on some draft boards to "worth a look due to exceptional traits."

Virginia Tech edge rusher Amare Barno led his position with a 4.36s 40-yard dash and a 131-inch broad jump. A converted linebacker, Barno's collegiate production was sparse (10 sacks in 21 games for the Hokies) and his film is a mixed bag. Barno is great in pursuit, can drop into coverage or spy the quarterback without needing Google Maps, and flashes potential as a pass rusher. But his spin move sometimes consists of rotating 180 degrees and getting stuck backing into his blocker, while his swim technique is like: "Look! I am doing stuff with my shoulders!" Barno's workout results will probably get him drafted on Day 3 and stashed on special teams or the practice squad.

Georgia defensive tackle Jordan Davis, as mentioned in the intro, was probably the biggest winner of the combine itself. He did things (a 4.78s 40-yard dash, a 123-inch broad jump) that no 341-pound human outside of the Marvel Cinematic Universe should do.

Michigan edge rusher Aidan Hutchinson is in play for the first overall pick, so it's hard to say he elevated his stock. But his 6.73s 3-cone result answered questions some of us had about his lateral quickness and bend. We still rank Oregon's Kayvon Thibodeaux ahead of Hutchinson based on his tape, but it's really close, and teams drafting at the top of the draft board may well disagree.

Combine Losers

Here's Derrik Klassen and I talking about Pitt quarterback Kenny Pickett's tiny hands in a little preview of the Football Outsiders Draft Livestream which debuts on Tuesday at 1 p.m.:

Pickett threw as well as anyone in the ho-hum quarterback workouts, where Nevada's Carson Strong and Brown's E.J. Perry were the closest things I saw to "winners." Pickett interviews like an MBA candidate, and he caught a few breaks this week when Jimmy Garoppolo's shoulder surgery was announced and the Colts tossed Carson Wentz out of the back of a van beneath a railroad trestle and sped away. The beer goggles on quarterback-needy teams like the Steelers, Commanders, Panthers, and so forth are going to get thicker and thicker over the weeks to come.

At the same time: the edge rushers blew up at the combine. So did the offensive linemen. Wide receivers like Chris Olave and Garrett Wilson solidified their high first-round status. Pickett entered the combine as a low-risk, low-reward quarterback, and now we know that he has hands that are an inch smaller than the typical 5-foot-9 NFL sportswriter, which just gives evaluators one more reason to say "Eh, screw it, let's just draft a stud edge or playmaking receiver and give Mitchell Trubisky a shot."

There are other players who disappointed in Indianapolis, but I am not a huge fan of branding some kid a "combine loser" because he slipped during a drill.

And Finally…

Ah, the combine interview room. What a blessing to be back after a year away! I must maximize the value of my time now that I am here. Who is speaking at this podium? Edgy McSackenburger? I am not very familiar with him. Perhaps I should search for his Wikipedia entry on my phone before he arrives.

Gosh! McSackenburger was born on the planet Neptune! He then emigrated to America when he was 13 years old, where he was raised by a foster family of friendly sea otters. He briefly was an oboist for the New York Philharmonic before Jim Harbaugh spotted him leaping over a taxicab and offered him a scholarship.

What a fascinating lad! And look, two dozen of my colleagues approach the podium! Surely, we will gain some great insights into this compelling young man's NFL journey. But hush: the interview commences!

Edgy, what NFL edge rushers do you pattern your game after?

"Um, Von Miller. Khalil Mack. T.J. Watt."

Didja talk to the Jets?

"Um, I think so."

What would it be like to play for the Jets?

"It would be a blessing. Playing for any NFL team would be a blessing."

Didja talk to the Lions?

"Um, I think so."

What would it be like to play for the Lions?

"It would be a blessing. Playing for any NFL team would be a blessing."

Yikes! I know my beat-writer colleagues are on team-specific assignments. I know that "Prospect X spoke to Team Y" articles, while silly and misleading, generate reliable traffic. But perhaps I should redirect this interview in a way that will be more helpful to everyone.

(Ahem) Edgy, what was it like growing up on Neptune?

"Oh, it was amazing. I hunted snare beasts with my pop as a boy, wind-surfed on the gaseous anomalies. But then my mom invented a teleportation ray and decided that there would be more opportunities for me on earth."

Ah, surely such unique background information will get my fellow journos back on the scent.

What do you hope to prove to NFL teams this week?

"Um, that I'm a competitor. I'm versatile. I'm a dawg. I'm a snare beast."

Didja talk to the Oklahoma City Thunder?

"Um, I think so."

What would it be like to play to play in Oklahoma City?

"It would be a blessing. Playing for any NBA team would be a blessing."

Oh for crying out loud! I can forgive the didjatalkto questions: the reporters might get reprimanded if they don't ask. But the hope-to-prove and compare-your-game stuff? Sure, I have asked those questions to prospects with non-noteworthy backstories. But it only took a 10-second Internet search to learn that this lad is a human interest story waiting to be written! Perhaps I should try again.

(Ahem) Edgy, what was it like getting raised by sea otters?

"Oh, I grew to love otter culture. I really look up to my otter sister Weeaaaaaaaooouuuuuie, who graduated from Stanford last year. I think an aquatic upbringing, combined with the increased gravity of Neptune, has really helped me as an edge rusher, because I have great lower-body strength and bend."

Well, if that doesn't lead to some interesting follow-up questions, I don't know…

Would you say that you play with a chip on your shoulder?

"Definitely. I definitely play with a chip on my shoulder."

Your footwork and lateral agility suggest you could be a stand-up wide-9, but your hand placement and bilateral torsion suggest you could be a 5-tech or a shade 6.25i. Where do you think you best fit along the defensive line?

"Anywhere coach wants to play me."

Sorry, I arrived late. Didja talk to the Jets?

"Um, I think so."

What would it be like to play for the Jets?

"It would be a blessing. Playing for any NFL team would be a blessing."

A chip-on-the-shoulder question? Every damn prospect except Malik Willis says that he plays with a chip on his shoulder. It's the dumbest boilerplate question on earth. Imma tear off that guy's credential and shove it down his throat! And yes, Onanistic Wannabe Scout Guy, everyone is impressed that you can sling jargon. Now howsabout you ask a question that isn't just a showcase for how clever you are? As for Mister Show Up Late and Ask Repeat Question guy: coordinate with a fellow beat that you get along with, just wait for the transcription, or just check Twitter in three minutes.

Argh! Argh! I don't pretend to be heaven's gift to journalism. I know not everyone can write a dog-themed combine column and get paid for it. But we're sapping the value of this experience and making each other work harder. At the very least, let's put our foot down with editors: every prospect talks to every team, so let's stop asking about it and write something substantial about the prospect instead.

The NFL is going to move the combine to Los Angeles or Neptune next year. It's going to be twice as expensive for media outlets and twice as grueling for the press pool. If we don't make the trip worth more than cheesy clickbait, our outlets are going stop sending us, and the whole experience will be worse for everyone except the NFL itself, which will just own 100% of the content.

That's it. That's my soapbox speech. I just hope lots of outlets write about Edgy McSackenburger's background, even if I don't, because it's interesting and fans deserve compelling stories to cut through the 40 times and stock quotes.

(Meanwhile, on the opposite side of the podium…)

Dang it, I've got a newborn on the way, my local newspaper is undergoing budget cuts, and my editor's gonna fire me if I don't ask Edgy McSackenburger if he spoke to the Edmonton Elks, and this grey-bearded chonkster sweating Irish whiskey keeps asking stupid questions about sea otters...

(Note: All player quotes are accurate and first-hand. Media questions are paraphrased. Some quotes are re-sequenced and/or trimmed because they were interspersed among "Didja talk to the Steelers?" questions and such.)


10 comments, Last at 07 Mar 2022, 5:42pm

#1 by Aaron Brooks G… // Mar 07, 2022 - 10:28am

he came across to the press as the sort of no-nonsense fellow that teams want in the wide receiver room.

Single Headcase Theory? A room can survive one bonehead, but not more than one.

Points: 0

#2 by mehllageman56 // Mar 07, 2022 - 11:03am

A prospect grew up on Neptune and no one asks him about the air he breathes or whether Event Horizon was real?

Points: 0

#3 by Aaron Brooks G… // Mar 07, 2022 - 11:41am

No follow-up on his blown Proxima Centauri assignment?

Points: 0

#5 by IlluminatusUIUC // Mar 07, 2022 - 12:30pm

Still not sure he could handle the cold or wind in Buffalo. 

Points: 0

#4 by Raiderfan // Mar 07, 2022 - 12:04pm

Do you always wear a beanie in your study, or was there a furnace problem?

Points: 0

#6 by ImNewAroundThe… // Mar 07, 2022 - 1:14pm

My goodness yall really be reaching for anything nowadays that isn't at least the 20th percentile. That's what yall latch onto and not the age part lol

 Pickett entered the combine as a low-risk, low-reward quarterback, and now we know that he has hands that are an inch smaller than the typical 5-foot-9 NFL sportswriter, which just gives evaluators one more reason to say "Eh, screw it, let's just draft a stud edge or playmaking receiver and give Mitchell Trubisky a shot."

Oh...oh yeah you are lol. With where he's going, you aren't getting "a stud" anything lol 


Ugh, I'm yelling into the wind. Would love to dig up your Kyler and Devonta Smith takes. I probably shouldn't bring up [redacted]s [redacted] but I'll yell into the wind there when it's brought up. 

Points: 0

#8 by mathesond // Mar 07, 2022 - 3:26pm

Your forgot the most important point regarding hand size - NFL footballs are exactly the same size as NCAA footballs.

Points: 0

#9 by ImNewAroundThe… // Mar 07, 2022 - 4:08pm

Someone should tell Kyler Murray NFL players are taller and Devonta Smith, heavier. 

If only he threw at the combine (a literal NFL stadium) and/or the Senior Bowl!

You got me. 

Points: 0

#10 by Bryan Knowles // Mar 07, 2022 - 5:42pm

An NFL football is about 1 1/4 inches larger than a college football, and quarterbacks have said that the difference is extremely noticeable.

To them, that is. I've never noticed the difference in size between the NCAA and NFL footballs, but then I don't spend my entire working life having to throw the dang things.

Points: 0

#7 by Harris // Mar 07, 2022 - 1:27pm

Y'all still transcribe interviews by hand? Step into the 21st century and use a transcription service, Luddites.

Points: 0

Save 10%
& Support Mike
Support Football Outsiders' independent media and . Use promo code TANIER to save 10% on any FO+ membership and give half the cost of your membership to tip Mike.